Are Biology & Theology Separate?

According to a 2017 Gallup poll, 38% of Americans are theistic evolutionists.  Which is strange because, according to Pew Research, evolution is a top reason why young people walk away from faith in Jesus Christ.

Some people hold the idea of, “In Essentials Unity, In Non-Essentials Liberty, In All Things Charity,”  so they claim evolution to be a non-essential.  Therefore, they believe Christians have the freedom to incorporate evolution into the Biblical narrative.

This post is going to show how theistic evolution is far from being a non-essential and why it needs to be removed from Christianity.  The three arguments made in this post are:

  • Theistic evolution negates the need  for a savior.
  • Theistic evolution suggests Jesus Christ to be sinful.
  • Theology and biology are interconnected.

Yet before we dive in, we must explore why theistic evolution is an illogical idea for two obvious reasons.

First, evolutionists see theistic evolution as an oxymoron, because natural processes cannot be guided by the supernatural.  According to the experts, theistic evolution is completely non-representational of an accurate description of evolution by means of natural selection and in direct conflict with a Biblical Worldview.

Professor of Ecology and Evolution at the University of Chicago, Jerry A. Coyne is also the author of Why Evolution is True and has communicated that:
If you accept even a little bit of divine tinkering in the evolutionary process, you’re not standing on some inclusive middle ground—you are, as P.Z. Myers said, halfway to crazy town.  There can be no compromise with superstition, for superstition is the camel’s nose in the tent of science.” (source)

The second reason why theistic evolution is illogical has to do with the fact that is contrary to Judeo-Christian faith.  Every creative and miraculous event mentioned in the Bible is described to have been done so by means of supernatural intervention.  By no means does the Bible describe miraculous events taking place by means of natural phenomena.

Also, prominent theologians like JP Moreland question the theology of theistic evolution, and this video gives good reasons why.

In short, experts in the field of evolution view theistic evolution as false, as do theologians who value a scriptural understanding of the Gospel.

Theistic evolution negates the need for a savior.

An accurate understanding of evolution predicts species to emerge within family groups, and not in one generation.  This means that there could have never been a solitary, male human, Adam.  Sadly, theistic evolutionists believe these words spoken by God must be ignored.

Genesis 2:18 The Lord God said, “It is not good for the man to be alone. I will make a helper suitable for him.”

If Adam were to have been a result of evolution by means of natural selection, he would have emerged alongside other human males and females within a family group.  Adam’s parents would have been fully human, along with his aunts and uncles.  Of course, Adam would have possibly had siblings and cousins that were also fully human.

If Adam was selected by God out of his family group to receive the command to not eat from the tree of knowledge of good and evil then the other humans would have never received a command from God… which they would have never disobeyed.  This suggests that Adam’s parents, aunts, uncles, siblings, and cousins would be without sin.   Are there people alive today that are descendants of these other humans that are without sin?

Romans 3:23 for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God

The book of Romans is very clear that no one is without sin, so theistic evolutionists claim that Adam’s “supposed” family, somehow, also acquired sin.  There is an idea that Adam is just a representative or archetype of all humans and when the fall happened it was a group that became sinful and then all of the descendants from the group inherited sin.

Yet, do we value Romans 3 in stating all have sinned, yet not value the same author and book in Romans 5 when stating that sin came into the world through one man?

Romans 5:12 Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, and in this way death came to all people, because all sinned.

Which verses in the Bible are divinely inspired and which are not?  Which verses should we read literally and which verses are representational of something?  Which verses should be kept and which verses are in need of deletion?  Which verses are breathed by God and which verses are not flawless?

Of course some verses in Scripture may not be literal and could in fact be figurative, but honest examination must be made to identify them.

Tim Keller stated that, “we cannot take every text in the Bible literally… But Paul is different.  He most definitely wanted to teach us that Adam and Eve were real historical figures…” if  “you hold to the view that Adam and Eve were not literal, and you realize the author of Genesis was probably trying to teach us that Adam and Eve were real people who sinned, and that Paul certainly was, then you have to face the implications for how you read Scripture. You may say, ‘Well, the Biblical authors were ‘men of their time’ and were wrong about something they were trying to teach readers.’ The obvious question is, ‘how will we know which parts of the Bible to trust and which not?’”

Interestingly enough, Peter Enns the author of The Evolution of Adam and prominent theistic evolutionist is also honest about not knowing how to reconcile this issue.

By saying that Paul’s Adam is not the historical first man, we are leaving behind Paul’s understanding of the cause of the universal plight of sin and death. But this is the burden of anyone who wishes to bring evolution and Christianity together…” (Enns 2012, p. 123)

Theistic evolution suggests Jesus Christ to be sinful.

If Romans 3:23 is true and all have sinned, does that mean Jesus Christ has sinned?  What about these verses?

Psalm 51:5-6 Surely I was sinful at birth, sinful from the time my mother conceived me.

Matthew 1:18 This is how the birth of Jesus the Messiah came about: His mother Mary was pledged to be married to Joseph, but before they came together, she was found to be pregnant through the Holy Spirit.

Isaiah 7:14 Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign: The virgin will conceive and give birth to a son, and will call him Immanuel.

Christ CANNOT save anyone from their sins if he too is a sinner.

If Jesus was conceived and born to a woman, why is HE not considered sinful?

Scripture tells us that Jesus was conceived by the Holy Spirit.  Jesus is the son of God, therefore, did not inherit a fallen nature from Adam.  Jesus was not born a sinner due to his birthright!  We, however, are sinful because we were conceived by our earthly fathers who are in the direct, biological line of Adam.

Theology and biology are interconnected

Sadly, the “burden” of bringing Christianity and evolution together requires a disconnect within Scripture labeling some verses as God-breathed and some verses as set for deletion.  Also, theistic evolution requires a disconnect  between biology and theology.

Mankind needs to be redeemed because of sin… because we miss the mark… because we are full of disobedience and we inherited this sinful nature from Adam by means of biology.

More than likely, there is not a gene for sin encoded within the human genome.  We do not know where the sin nature is stored or how the transfer from father to child works, but Paul describes his struggle with words that are reminiscent of instinct.

Romans 7:22 For in my inner being I delight in God’s law; 23 but I see another law at work in me, waging war against the law of my mind and making me a prisoner of the law of sin at work within me.

Much like a baby chick instinctively knows how to peck from its shell, we sin.  Similar to a honey bee building a wax hexagon, we too are instinctual toward sin.  Geneticists have yet to find genes for instincts, while biologists cannot explain how instincts are transferred to successive generations, but we do know the biology of an organism determines its instinctual behavior.  Baby chicks do not build hexagons, and bees do not peck from shells.  Each organism has instinctual behavior that corresponds to their biology.

Likewise, we are under the curse of sin and death because of the biology of being human.  It is still a mystery how this transfer takes place, but we do know that we have received an instinctual inheritance from our fathers all the way back to Adam… this is why we have a propensity for sin.

Thankfully, Jesus is the sinless Redeemer we need to save us.  Thankfully, His biological instincts are not from Adam.  Jesus Christ was miraculously conceived by the Holy Spirit.  He was not born of the will of an earthly father, but of the will of God the Father… Jesus Christ inherited the perfect biological instinct of holiness.

Why have all people sinned?  Because we have inherited the instinctual biology of sin from Adam, the first man.

Why is it that all people have sinned except Jesus Christ?  Because Adam is not in the paternal line of Jesus, therefore, Jesus did not inherit the instinctual biology of sin.

Biology is fashioning theology as theology is fashioning biology.  The Judeo-Christian narrative is filled with other examples of how the two are interconnected.

Exodus 12:13 The blood will be a sign for you on the houses where you are, and when I see the blood, I will pass over you. No destructive plague will touch you when I strike Egypt.

Hebrews 9:22 …without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness.

Leviticus 17:10 I will set my face against any Israelite or any foreigner residing among them who eats blood, and I will cut them off from the people. 11 For the life of a creature is in the blood, and I have given it to you to make atonement for yourselves on the altar; it is the blood that makes atonement for one’s life.

God makes it very clear that whatever is eaten and consumed by our biological bodies could be a theological offense to the Lord Almighty.  Where there is blood there is LIFE, and where there is LIFE there is BIOLOGY.

Blood is biology… yet extremely theological and important to God.

Jesus said that he is the Way, the Truth, and the Life(biology) and that no man can go unto the Father except through him… aka the shedding of his blood.

1 Corinthians 6:19 Do you not know that your bodies are temples of the Holy Spirit, who is in you, whom you have received from God? You are not your own; 20 you were bought at a price. Therefore honor God with your bodies.

It is clear that God does care about biology and that it is unable to be separated from theology.  God cares about our physical choices, values the shedding of life giving blood, and made the divinity of Christ interconnected with biology.

So, we must ask ourselves if biology matters in regards to all theology.

Does biology matter in regard to the doctrine of Creation?

Is it possible to separate the theology of Creation from the biology of Creation?

The idea of evolution is a game of inference and pseudoscience, so it is illogical to make room for it in Scripture to begin with.  Yet, still many folks are calling themselves theistic evolutionists.  They disregard science and empirical data for hope in the competing religion of Humanistic Naturalism and delude themselves in thinking that the God of the Bible used evolution to create.

What is the theological importance of biology?

The Bible states that Jesus is Life, that life is in the blood, that blood can be the only forgiver of sins, that Jesus was sinless because he was conceived by the Holy Spirit, and all of mankind is under the curse of a sinful nature because of our direct birthright inherited from Adam.

The Scriptures are clear in communicating theology and biology to be completely intertwined throughout the Judeo-Christian Narrative.

Biology = Theology = Biology = Theology

Jesus Christ is sinless because of biology and we are sinful because of biology.  Making room for an alternate biological narrative in the Judeo-Christian faith, negates the problem of sin and our Lord Jesus Christ as the solution.

Is theistic evolution promoted and subscribed to by those who are ignorant to the Truth and/or false teachers with an agenda of eradicating the Gospel?

Why subscribe to theistic evolution at all?

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